“Materialism is the philosophical view that the only thing that exists is matter; if anything else, such as mental events, exists, then it is reducible to matter. Naturalism is the system of thought holding that all phenomena can be explained in terms of natural causes and laws.” (Google).
I’ve shared other posts on materialism showing how this closed system is not only unprovable but self-refuting. Materialism and/or naturalism is the myopic worldview of most atheists: a view that sees us as little more than biological robots in a meaningless universe.
As you can probably tell, David Bentley Hart is one of my favorite philosophers. He is so because he has a profound understanding of classical theology and points out the absurdities of the so-called New Atheism with devastating intellectual insight.
Here’s a great quote from Hart from an interview on the circular reasoning behind materialism and naturalism:
“Materialism, then, is a metaphysics of the rejection of metaphysics. It is of a faith-assumption that nature is a closed system whose every feature is caused by and explainable by matter alone, and that nothing exists beyond the physical order.
Naturalism is a picture of the whole of reality that cannot, according to its own intrinsic premises, address the being of the whole; it is a transcendental certainty of the impossibility of transcendental truth, and so requires an act of pure credence logically immune to any verification.
Naturalism’s claim that, by confining itself to purely material explanations for all things, it adheres to the only sure path of verifiable knowledge is nothing but a feat of sublimely circular thinking: physics explains everything, which we know because anything physics cannot explain does not exist, which we know because whatever exists must be explicable by physics, which we know because physics explains everything.” (Hear the whole interview here)