Did God kill Jesus? Part three

Father_forgive_themWas God actually pleased to crush Jesus(crush, meaning kill)? We’re now ready to turn our attention to Isaiah 53:10.

This is part three in my short series that looks at the question, “Did God kill Jesus?” The reason for this faithful question is because the popular view of atonement (Penal Substitutionary Atonement, or PSA) insists that God had to kill Jesus before He could forgive us. PSA’s proof-text rests on Isaiah 53:10. Here is the verse in the New American Standard Bible (bold text added):

But the Lord was pleased
To crush Him, putting Him to grief;
If He would render Himself as a guilt offering,
He will see His offspring,
He will prolong His days,
And the good pleasure of the Lord will prosper in His hand.

I hope to prove to you that this wooden literal interpretation of Isaiah 53:10 fails on at least three counts. They are as follows:

  • It’s hermeneutically unsound.
  • It ignores the biblical literary device called compression (defined in introduction).
  • It doesn’t take into account variations in translation sources.

Hermeneutically unsound

The main reason we should reject a wooden literal interpretation of Isaiah 53:10 is because it violates at least two hermeneutic principles. The first principle states that when interpreting a text, one may not ignore other texts on the same subject. The second principle states that no interpretation may be accepted if it renders a passage absurd.

PSA’s interpretation violates the first principle because it creates a contradiction with a number of passages that forbid the execution of the innocent in place of the guilty (Deut.24:16; Jer.31:29-30; Ezek.18:20). Scripture also states that punishing the righteous is not good (Prov.17:26). This claim renders the passage absurd because it makes God well pleased to pour out His wrath upon His Son in whom He is well pleased (Matt.3:17; 12:18; 17:5). Talk about an absurd contradiction!

Furthermore, saying that a God who is love takes pleasure in torturing His Son turns Him into a sadistic, child-abusing monster. This is the very definition of absurd!

It also makes the interpretation absurd because we end up with God murdering an innocent man so the guilty can go free, which no court on earth would call justice! Actually, the Bible doesn’t call that justice either (Prov.24:24).

Ignores literary style (compression)

I’ve already shown in the introduction how the Bible writers often used a literary device known as compression when describing an event. I used the examples of 2 Samuel 24:1 and 1 Chronicles 21:1 to prove that even though 2 Samuel 24:1 states that God was moving David to sin by taking a census, it was actually Satan doing it. The first account was simply compressing God’s perfect and permissive will into one.

The same must be true of Isaiah 53:10 for the reasons stated in my first point. And as I said in “Saving Easter-Part four,” the New Testament writers were very clear about who was actually to blame for killing Jesus. It was our enmity and wrath that Jesus suffered on the Cross. I will talk more about that next time.

What it all amounts to is this: it was God’s permissive will to allow wicked men to pour out their wrath and murderous hatred on Jesus, which accomplished His perfect will to fully restore us to Himself!

Ignores variations in translation

For this last point, I don’t think I could say it any better than I did in “Saving Easter- part five“, so I will borrow excerpts from that post. You can go there for greater detail. The fact is, the apostles didn’t use our English Bibles to read Isaiah 53. They would’ve read it in Greek from the Septuagint (LXX). We should also consider that the Hebrew manuscript where we get our Old Testament was copied from copies of the original by Jewish Rabbis much later.

We’ve already read Isaiah 53:10 from our English Bible. Now, let’s now look at how the apostle’s Bible (LXX) rendered this verse. I will use two different English LXX translations for comparison, highlighting the same words as in the Hebrew translation:

The Lord also is pleased to purge him from his stroke.  If ye can give an offering for sin, your soul shall see a long-lived seed. (L.C.L. Brenton)

And the Lord desires to cleanse him from his blow. If you give an offering for sin, your soul shall see a long-lived offspring. (NETS)

The Greek word that the Hebrew-based text rendered “crush” is καθαρίσαι (katharisai) in the LXX. This is where we get the English word, “cauterize” (like to cauterize a wound).

We find variations of the word katharisai in the New Testament. It means “to cleanse, render pure, purify.” For instance, we find this same Greek word in Matthew 8:2 (bold-type added and words in brackets added):

“A leper came up to him, knelt down, and said, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean“ [katharisai | καθαρίσαι]

What a difference a word makes! What the Greek Septuagint is basically telling us is that it pleased the Father to heal Jesus of His wounds that we inflicted! As Jesus took our disease and healed us, the Father cleansed the Son of His Love.

The bottom line: whether we go with the Greek text or the Hebrew text, we cannot go with the PSA interpretation of Isaiah 53:10 for the reasons stated here.

Next time, I will try to wrap things up by focusing in on the real perpetrators of Jesus’ unjust murder.

About Mel Wild

God's favorite (and so are you), a son and a father, happily married to the same beautiful woman for 41 years. We have three incredible adult children. My passion is pursuing the Father's heart in Christ and giving it away to others. My favorite pastime is being iconoclastic and trailblazing the depths of God's grace. I'm also senior pastor of Cornerstone Church in Wisconsin.
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7 Responses to Did God kill Jesus? Part three

  1. Jonah says:

    Whew talk about purified… Thanks for the detox Mel.

  2. Answers to questions are coming fast and furious. I need to note them. For instance, in Ephesians 2:3 we read: “and were by nature children of wrath.” Until this week I always read this, “children who deserved God’s wrath.” That isn’t what is meant at all. My guess is that this is the topic of tomorrow’s post, so I’ll save comments until then. 🙂

    How thankful I am to have found your blog. No doubt this was engineered by my Father who loves me more than I will ever know. This changes *everything*!

    (We also get ‘cathartic’ from καθαρίσαι (katharisai) – drugs with *purgative* properties are thus described. 😉 )

    • Mel Wild says:

      Yes, I allude to Ephesians 2:3 in part four but don’t explain it. You probably understood this as “God’s wrath” because some modern translations actually say “God’s wrath.” The only trouble is, the word for God (Theos) is not in the original Greek. These translators added that, possibly because of their PSA assumptions, I don’t know. But the context of Ephesians 2 is about OUR angry, dysfunctional behavior and God’s rich mercy and grace, not His wrath!
      So glad to see your heart is being “purged” of deadly toxins. 🙂 Blessings.

  3. Reblogged this on Lessons by Heart and commented:
    The Trinity looks kind of like a family to neighbors – they all live in the same ‘house.’ Lift the lid off the house, though, and what do we find?

    An angry father (God), a silent, subservient mother (Spirit), and our big brother (Jesus) who throws himself under the bus to protect us from the father’s wrath. Dad doesn’t care whom he hits; he just wants to vent on someone. His rules were broken, and *someone* is going to pay for that.

    This couldn’t be further from the truth.

    The Trinity is in perfect harmony at all times. They’ve never had an argument – ever! God doesn’t need anger management classes or a chill pill.

    Jesus said, “He who has seen Me has seen the Father.”

    Could it be that our minds need to be renewed concerning our great God?

  4. Anonymous says:

    I guess that what romans says that no one is good. Whitl we were yet sinners. No one seeks after God. Ephesians that we were dead in our trespasses are wrong as well. This blog seems to have a low view of how intolerant that God is of sin and that he had to crush the son, his will, because that would be the only way for any sinner to enter the presence of God in eternity. The blood of created animals was not sufficiant

    • Mel Wild says:

      So, how does God’s view of sin and our deadness apart from Him, which I agree with, have anything to do with Him needing to kill Jesus in order to forgive us? Jesus forgave people of their sins while still alive on the earth before the cross (Matt.9:2,5; Luke 5:20, 23; 7:48). Are you saying these people weren’t actually forgiven?

      I understand you are simply repeating what you were taught, but you will not find one instance where a Gentile was ever required to give a blood sacrifice in order to be forgiven, even in the Old Testament. Yes, Jesus fulfilled the Old Covenant with His blood, but that aspect of redemption only applied to the Jews who were under that blood covenant. As the writer of Hebrews said, ” And ACCORDING TO THE LAW, almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission. (Heb.9:22). Again, this never applied to Gentiles, even in the OT, because we were never under the Law.

      The New Covenant in Christ, which opens the covenantal relationship to all peoples, not just the Jews, is based on grace through faith (Eph.2:8). His “blood” represents His death on the Cross, which represents our death (Rom.6; Col.3:3). When He died, we died; when He was buried, our sins were buried with Him; when He was raised again, we were raised with Him and seated in heavenly places in Him (Eph.2:6). It’s in this sense that we’re no longer dead, but alive in Christ. This is the whole point of the cross. Again, it has nothing to do with God having to punish Jesus in order to forgive us. That actually doesn’t even make sense nor is it in accord with the character and nature of Jesus who explains God to us (John 1:18).

      God was not punishing Jesus; He allowed sinful men to punish Jesus. God was IN Christ reconciling the world to Himself on the cross, not counting our sins against us anymore (2 Cor.5:19). When we receive this invitation (reconciliation), we become sons and daughter of God. That’s the good news that brings great joy!

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